|dc.description.abstract||This study explored the term Conurbation and highlighted the factors associated with it in the context of Nakonde and Tunduma Towns in Zambia and Tanzania, respectively. A Conurbation is a region comprising a number of towns, cities or urban areas which through population growth and physical expansion of built up land have merged to form one continuous urban and industrially developed area.
The study was based on the assumption that the formation of a conurbation is associated with factors such as economic activities, likelihood to settle, marriage, children and fertility.
The main aim of the study is to investigate the factors associated with the development of conurbation between Nakonde in Zambia and Tunduma in Tanzania. The objectives are to establish the types of economic activities which encourage people to migrate into Nakonde and Tunduma towns, to establish how marriage, child bearing and fertility can affect population growth to lead to urban expansion in Nakonde and Tunduma and to ascertain the factors which may cause migrants to settle in Nakonde and Tunduma towns. The research questions are which economic activities encourage people to migrate into the conurbation of Nakonde and Tunduma towns? How can marriage, child bearing and fertility affect population growth to lead to urban expansion of Nakonde and Tunduma? And what are the factors which may cause migrants to settle in Nakonde and Tunduma towns? There are two hypotheses namely: People migrate to Nakonde and Tunduma due to the Economic activities which have contributed to the conurbation of the area and people settle in Nakonde and Tunduma due to the presence of services in the two towns.
This was an exploratory study comprising a sample size of 500 respondents confined to the ages 15 years and above for both males and females. Purposeful technique was used on key informants from the government departments and systematic random sampling for the respondents. Data collection was from primary and secondary data sets. Analysis of data was done with the use of Microsoft Excel, Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16.0, Chi-square test, Binary Logistic Regression and the Brass Estimation of Fertility Method.
The results were that the economic activities which attract respondents to migrate to the study area are business, employment, education and others which confirms to the Lee’s ‘Pull and Push’ model of migration. Migration has an impact on the migrants which has resulted in respondents settling in Nakonde and Tunduma due to services such as transport, electricity and piped water; as well as a variety of food which was also affordable. Lastly, marriage contributes to population growth through children born and also affects the fertility of the respondents which is at 3.8 and more than enough to cause a change in the population.||en