Physical activity and sport for the aged in old people’s homes in Zambia
MetadataShow full item record
Globally people are living longer and the aged constitute a significant segment of the world’s population. There is evidence that physical activity improves the health and wellbeing of older people. Sports participation is one domain where the aged can be physically involved. The study examined the need for appropriate physical activity and sport for the aged in old people’s homes in Zambia. It was guided by activity theory of ageing. A descriptive survey research design using a mixed method approach was employed. The study population comprised all the aged residing in the 9 old people’s homes in the country and their caregivers. The sample consisted of 165 purposively selected aged persons and 17 caregivers. Researcher-administered questionnaires, focus group discussion guides and interview guides were used to collect data. Qualitative data was analysed thematically while quantitative data was analysed to generate frequency distribution tables and percentages. The study revealed that the aged in old people’s homes needed physical activity and sport to keep them busy and healthy to overcome boredom and idleness. The study concluded that despite the benefits associated with physical activity and sport to older persons, there was little or no effort to provide these in old people’s homes in Zambia. The study recommended that relevant physical activity and sport should be provided to the aged in all old people’s homes in the country. It also recommended that caregivers should undergo training to equip them with knowledge, skills, attitudes and competencies in designing relevant programmes aimed at improving the wellbeing and welfare of the aged such as provision of physical activity and sport. The study further recommended that phase two of it be undertaken to explore other aspects of physical activity and sport for the aged such as the nature, preference and frequency of these activities.
CitationChangala, M; Mbozi, E. H & Moonga, L. H. (2018). Physical Activity and Sport for the Aged in Old People’s Homes in Zambia. Journal of African Interdisciplinary Studies. 2(4), 75 – 85.
Journal of African Interdisciplinary Studies (JAIS)