An assessment of the intergration of anti-gender based violence component in pre-marriage training in Lusaka district
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The study sought to assess the integration of anti-Gender Based Violence (GBV) component in pre-marriage training in Lusaka District. The Pre-marriage training both from the Christian and traditional perspective is assumed to be one measure that can be used to reduce cases of Gender Based Violence. The study had the following objectives; to examine the existing contents of pre-marriage training on GBV offered by marriage counsellors; to determine the extent to which the methods used in the pre-marriage training enhanced the learning of anti- GBV behaviour among couples and to establish participants’ views on the effectiveness of pre-marriage training on preventing GBV. The study employed a descriptive survey design, in which both qualitative and quantitative techniques were used to collect the necessary data. The population was theoretical. The study targeted couples, traditional and Christian counsellors. A sample of 60 participants was used, comprising 50 married participants, where at least one partner was trained, (32 women and 18men) 5 Traditional Counsellors and 5 Christian counsellors. Purposive sampling was used to select key informants among both Christian and traditional counsellors. Homogeneous and snowball was used to select the couples who had undergone pre-marriage training. Questionnaires and interview guides were used. Qualitative data which was collected from the informants was analysed using content or thematic analysis. This was done using emerging themes. Descriptive statistics such as frequencies, percentages and tables were generated and analysed using SPSS. Limitation of the study was that it was only conducted in Lusaka district when in actual sense pre-marriage training is conducted all over the country. The findings of the study were that pre-marriage training does not address issues of GBV adequately because it was still prevalent among couples that underwent pre-marriage training The contents of pre-marriage training did not have GBV as an independent topic. The other finding was that the methods the facilitators and counsellors used were not adult education teaching and counselling methods. GBV was not the aim of the pre-marriage training but marriage sexual activities and how a woman should please man in marriage were paramount. The study recommended that anti-GBV should be included in pre-marriage training as an active topic and facilitators and counsellors should undergo training in the use of adult teaching and counselling methods. It was further recommended that the awareness of GBV in both church and traditional settings should be given priority in pre-marriage training. The vulnerable must be empowered with necessary skills and competencies to be able to mitigate GBV in a marriage setup.
University of Zambia
Thesis in adult education