The challenges of rural education in Africa
Sichula, Noah, K.
Chakanika, Wanga, W.
Sumbwa, Phyllis, I.
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Education is a basic human right that is recognized globally and documented in many education policies even among sub-Saharan African countries. This being the case, education must be available to all people to enable them survive and develop to their maximum potential. This paper was compelled by the frequent reports coming from countries on the neglect of rural areas in terms of social and economic services provision. Using a desk study, our interest was to look through literature on the experiences of different countries in their provision of education to the rural region. A focus on education is crucial because it is an important instrument for the existence and full functioning of society. We were able to confirm that majority of the rural citizens in the African countries are denied access to education in general due to a myriad of challenges. It was established that many factors contribute to the challenges of rural education in Africa. These range from social, economic to cultural and geographical dispositions of an area. After synthesizing different country experiences, we summarized the challenges into two categories: a. Factors that contribute to the lack of qualified teaching staff in rural areas; and b. Factors that make it difficult for learners and teachers to attend rural schools. We concluded that it is incumbent upon national governments, being the custodians of public interest to ensure that every citizen is given access to education regardless of their location, be it urban or rural.
CitationChakanika, W., Sichula, N., Sumbwa, P., & Nduna, M. (2012). The challenges of rural education in Africa. South Africa Rural Educator, 2, 6-17.
South Africa Rural Educator