Constraints faced in the implementation of the keep Zambia clean, green and healthy campaign: the case of Lusaka district
MetadataShow full item record
In 2007, the Government of the Republic of Zambia launched the Make Zambia Clean and Healthy Campaign in an effort to curb the indiscriminate disposal of waste. Unfortunately, the campaign did not yield the desired results. In 2015, the campaign was revived as the Keep Zambia Clean and Healthy Campaign, with the first Saturday of every month designated as the official Keep Zambia Clean and Healthy Campaign day and a call on all citizens to turn up and clean the city and their surroundings. However, in April 2018, the Zambian government realised that the green aspect was missing hence re-branded the Campaign. The Campaign then became known as the Keep Zambia Clean, Green and Healthy Campaign. Under the re-branded campaign, the citizenry and corporate entities are urged to ensure that they not only clean the city and their surroundings but also plant trees, flowers and green grass in order to maintain a green environment in line with the campaign. The general objective of this research is to identify constraints faced in the implementation of the Keep Zambia Clean, Green and Healthy Campaign in residential areas in Lusaka district. Specifically, the research aims at identifying constraints that the government and the residents of Lusaka face in the implementation of the Keep Zambia Clean, Green and Healthy Campaign. The research was descriptive in nature and a case study of residential areas in Lusaka district. A mixed methods research design was used to collect both primary and secondary data. The data were collected from a total sample of 128, comprising 120 household heads and eight key informants. Purposive sampling was used to sample key informants while multistage sampling, combining systematic and convenience sampling, was used to select household heads. A questionnaire and interview guides were used to collect the data. Internal consistency was used to measure reliability while content validity was used to measure validity of the data. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) was used to analyse quantitative data, while content analysis was used for qualitative data. The findings show that the government faces numerous constraints in the implementation of this campaign. The Ministry of Local Government whose role is to provide guidance, oversight and funding is unable to do so due to lack of funds. The local council that is supposed to sensitise people in the communities is unable to do so due to lack of funding as well. The situation is made worse by the erratic water supply to most residents, especially in high density areas. The water utility company is unable to pump enough water due to Electricity load shedding while the water supply infrastructure is also inadequate and requires an upgrade. Some households are forced to buy the commodity from neighboring residential areas. Residents, especially from the low income households, also have constraints in paying for their water bills. These constraints have resulted in residential areas not being green, despite the adoption of the Keep Zambia Clean, Green and Healthy Campaign.
The University of Zambia