Determinants of Under-Five Motality in Zambia: A Case study of Kitwe District
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This research looks at the determinants of under-five mortality in Kitwe district in Zambia. The objective of this study was to investigate the determinants of under-five mortality in Kitwe district. Both qualitative and quantitative techniques were used in collecting data. A detailed questionnaire was administered to a sample size of 100 to collect information on the possible determinants of under five mortality in Kitwe district. The verbal autopsy provided qualitative information on the illness that led to the death of the child. One of the specific objectives was to investigate the relationship between socio-economic factors and under-five mortality. The other specific objective was to investigate the role of child care practices and use of modern health services and under-five mortality. The findings show that there is a relationship between the availability of electricity in households and under-five mortality. Households using electricity contributed only 27 percent of the under-five deaths in Kitwe district, whereas 73 percent of the deaths came from households using other means of energy for cooking. Similar findings were observed on the use of water where 65 percent of the deaths came from households that used river or well/bole water while 35 percent came from households using piped water. However,health-seeking behavior such as antenatal care, place of delivery, breastfeeding and vaccination of the child do not seem to be significant contributors to under-five mortality in Kitwe district.