The effects of the expansion of the tourism industry on the economic and social aspects of Livingstone City
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The expansion of the tourism industry in general has its own advantages and disadvantages. This study aimed at establishing the implications and the effects of the expansion of the tourism industry' on the economic and social aspects of Livingstone City, and then suggest possible solutions. To carry out this study three specific techniques were used. These techniques were: The Questionnaires, Un-Schedulcd interviews and Observation methods. These methods were conducted on Livingstone residents from their various housing units and places of work. The questionnaires were administered to the six (6) sampled residential areas, the offices of the Zambia National Tourist Board (Z.N.T.B) and that of the Town Clerk The other targeted areas were the tourist establishments (Service Industries). The method used to select the sample (N=193) was Simple Probability sampling in the form of lottery technique. For the residential areas an interval form was used In certain areas with a small number of housing units an interval of twenty(20) was used, whereas in those residential areas with a big number of housing units, an interval of thirty(30) houses was used These two intervals facilitated the coverage of the designated residential area. The study from the advantages point of view established that the expansion of the tourism industry on the economic and social aspects of Livingstone City promoted among other benefits employment opportunities, entertainment, interaction with foreigners and improved standard of living. From the disadvantages point of view, the study established that the same expansion of the tourism industry also promoted vices such as crime, violence, immorality, spread of sexually transmitted diseases to name but a few. To control or eradicate some of the adverse effects, certain measures have been put in place Measures such as provision of security forces to patrol along the streets; near lodges; and hotels. Other measures are explained in details in the conclusions and recommendations of this document.
- Natural Sciences