Teachers' and learners views on the integration of multiple intelligences in instructional style of teaching and learning in Primary Schools: A case of selected Primary Schools in Luwingu District, Zambia
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This study aimed at investigating teachers’ and learners’ on integration of multiple intelligences in instructional styles of teaching and learning. It was structured to explore if teachers engaged the aspect of multiple intelligences in their instructional teaching styles as a way of promoting creativity in the teachers particularly in relation to multiple intelligences. A descriptive survey approach was used in conducting this study. Data was collected through semi-structured questionnaires to a sample of 40 teachers and 60 learners who were purposively sampled from the six selected primary schools in Luwingu District. The study mainly used quantitative methods of data collection. However qualitative methods of data collection were also employed to supplement the quantitative methods. Thematic analysis was used to analyse qualitative while quantitative data was analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) to generate statistical tables and figures.The study revealed that, teachers did not fully engage the eight multiple intelligences in their instructional styles of teaching and learning in the classroom. The study further showed that as much as some of the teachers involved the approach of multiple intelligences in their instructional styles of teaching, it was found that the approach did not aim at addressing the individual learners’ intelligences that were appropriate for their learning but that the approach was used unknowingly or misapplied. The study recommended that: (a) the Ministry of Education, Science, Vocational Training and Early Education (MESVTEE) should (i) incorporate multiple intelligence into the existing curriculum to equip student teachers in colleges and universities with the skills and knowledge in order to enhance the quality of education (ii) take full responsibility of conducting in-service training on the integration of multiple intelligences in instructional teaching styles as a way to reinforce the application of the eight multiple intelligences so as to enhance effective teaching and learning in a classroom situation. (b) teachers should (i) engage eight multiple intelligences in their instructional styles of teaching across all the subjects in the curriculum to cultivate the learners’ interest in all subjects (ii) explore and establish the individual learning styles to enhance the learners’ active participation in the learning process.
SubjectTeaching and learning(Primary)
- Education