A study to determine factors affecting participation of Tecahers in voluntary counselling and testing in Lusaka Central Zone Schools
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The study was undertaken to determine factors affecting participation of teachers in Voluntary Counselling and Testing (VCT) in Lusaka Central Zone Schools. The study utilized a survey research design and had a total population of 1,112 teachers. The sample included 100 teachers drawn using simple random sampling and data was collected using a self-administered questionnaire which had open and closed ended questions. Data was analysed quantitatively using tables, pie-charts and graphs. Among the findings of the study were factors like; stigmatization and discrimination of HIV positive people as causes of low participation in VCT. Most teachers do acknowledge the seriousness of the problem of the HIV/AIDS problem; and that VCT Centres were mostly located far from most teachers' location. The study also revealed that most teachers in Lusaka Central Zone were between 25-45 years, which is the most sexually active group and economically active; so the need to encourage them to go for VCT to protect them. Finally, the study also came up with some recommendations like:Government must establish more VCT Centres; There must be mass education for people to help remove the stigmatization and discrimination of HIV positive people;Counselors must safeguard the secrets and identity of people who pass through VCT; and Further studies on VCT should be conducted.