Recovering from an anthrax epidemic
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Anthrax is endemic in parts of Zambia, triggered annually by an interplay of environmental factors and human activity. Anthrax cases are typically reported between June and December, coinciding with the period when the human population density on the floodplain is high. Case fatality rate usually ranges from 4-20%. Anthrax impacts negatively on both public health and the livestock industry. Zambia’s Western province is currently in the middle of an anthrax epidemic; both humans and animals are affected. There have been 77 human cases (with 5 deaths reported) since the outbreak began in November 2016. The number of animal cases is unconfirmed as some livestock owners withhold information of animal deaths from officials. Zambia presently relies on the Technical Guidelines for Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response as well as the WHO Anthrax Guidelines to guide its actions during anthrax outbreaks. Quarantines, mass vaccinations and restricted movement of livestock, as well as public awareness campaigns have been initiated to contain the outbreak
CitationMoraes A. (2017). Recovering from an Anthrax epidemic: What are the control strategy challenges and policy options? Health Press Zambia Bull. 1 (1)
SponsorshipOffice of Global AIDS/ US Department of State.
Medical Journal of Zambia
SubjectBacillus anthracis Infection
Bacillus anthracis Infection--Zambia
Anthrax is endemic in parts of Zambia, triggered annually by an interplay of environmental factors and human activity.