Community Social Support Roles of Trained Traditional Birth Attendants in Chongwe District, Zambia
Baboo, S. K.
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Although traditional birth attendants (TBAs) play key roles in providing maternal health care in many low-resource countries, there are few studies that describe the actual roles and practices of TBAs in their local communities. In addition, there remains controversy about the impact of TBAs on the reduction of maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. This paper presents the results of focus group discussions that were conducted in chongwe district in Lusaka Province of Zambia. It describes the role of trained (t) TBAs in the district. The researcher used an interview guide to conduct five focus group discussions on 28 , tTBAs, four mothers, two midwives, two nurses , and one village leader. The study participants were recruited using a convenience sampling approach, from four district health facilities. The focus group discussions were conducted in English, tape recorded and then transcribed. The data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis method. The main theme identified as describing the role of the t TBA was community social support. This theme was further divided into three categories: providing safe motherhood services, counselling, and health education. Each of these categories also included sub-categories. These findings do not present the view of the general population since it was conducted in only one out of the 73 districts in Zambia. The findings from this study recommended the continued training, monitoring, evaluation and documenting of impact of the TBAs’ practices using modified Ministry of Health TBA training curriculum and monitoring too during supervisions. The documentation of their impact will inform evidence based policy formulation. The influential leaders should sustain their practice by using rural folks’ wealth ranking approach. Generally, tTBAs are likened to spare wheels of cars’ which need to be ready for use in emergency situations when a tyre falls. Chongwe district should form an association to advocate for t TBA sustainability.
CitationChanda, D.O., Siziya, S., Baboo, S.K. and Mweemba, O. (2016). Community Social Support Roles of Trained Traditional Birth Attendants in Chongwe District, Zambia. African Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health. 10 (2)
SponsorshipOffice of Global AIDS/US Department of State.
African Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health.
The role of Traditional Birth Attendants in Chongwe, Zambia