Anthrax outbreaks and epidemics in Zambia, 1990-2011: A review
MetadataShow full item record
Anthrax is endemic in Zambia. A review was conducted for literature published on the epidemiology of anthrax in Zambia using google, google scholar and PubMed. A total of 7 publications were obtained using search words: anthrax, Zambia, epidemiology, outbreak and surveillance; and of these, 2 were full PubMed Central articles, 4 were abstracts without full articles and one was a citation. In Zambia in 1990, out of 220 human cases of anthrax, 19.1% died; between 1991 and 1998, 7.7% of 248 human cases died; between 1999 and 2007, out of 1790 human cases, 4.6% died; and in 2011, the case mortality rate was 1.2% out of 521 human cases. In Western province of Zambia, the overall cattle:human anthrax ratio was 1:1.47 and a reduction (Slope=0.738, 95% CI [-1.394, -0.083]) in the human case fatality rate was observed between 1999 and 2007. There is scanty information on anthrax in Zambia. The cattle:human anthrax infection ratio was lower than the expected ratio of 1:10 suggesting under-reporting of human cases or good outbreak/epidemic control. A reduction in the case fatality rate indicates good case management. An active surveillance of human cases of anthrax is recommended immediately there is an outbreak of bovine anthrax in order for people to start treatment early and avoid severe forms of anthrax.
CitationSiziya, S. (2017). Anthrax outbreaks and epidemics in Zambia, 1990-2011: A review. Health Press Zambia Bull. 1 (1)
SponsorshipOffice of Global AIDS/US Department of State
Health Press Zambia Bull.
Bacillus anthracis Infection--Zambia
Infectious Disease Outbreaks--Zambia
Anthrax,Disease Outbreaks --Zambia
Anthrax epidermics in Zambia , a review of Literature
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
EDUCATION IN ZAMBIA AT FIFTY YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE AND BEYOND: HISTORY, CURRENT STATUS AND CONTEMPORARY ISSUES Masaiti, Gift (UNZA Press, 2018)Education in Zambia at Fifty Years of Independence and Beyond with the focus on History, Current Status and Contemporary Issues is a comprehensive critical reference guide to education in Zambia. Drawing on in-depth, ...
Is mere party membership by a Republican President a recipe for constitutional crisis in his subsequent expulsion from the party Chibalabala, John (2013-10-31)The office of President is the pinnacle of power in this country and is a creation of the Constitution, which is the fundamental Law in Zambia.1 The Constitution provides inter-alia for the establishment of the three ...
Effect of Cassava(Manihot esculenta crantz) Stake orientation and Planting depth on planting material multiplication ratio and tuberous root yield Nawa, Malumo (2011-03-16)Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a tuber crop grown widely in Zambia by small scale farmers as a staple carbohydrate. The crop offers many advantages but its potential has been fully exploited. This failure has been ...