KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDES TOWARDS MALE CIRCUMCISION IN THE ERA OF HIV AND AIDS-THE CASE OF MEN IN THREE RESIDENTIAL AREAS OF LUSAKA, ZAMBIA .
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This study investigated knowledge and attitudes towards male circumcision in three residential areas of Lusaka. Using non-probability sampling technique, a total of 120 men were captured to whom a pre-tested questionnaire was administered. The analysis of study findings indicate that a significant proportion of those interviewed were not only sexually active but also engaged in risky sexual relationships which expose them and their partners to the risk of HIV infection. The study has also highlighted the fact that although most of the respondents were aware of male circumcision and its potential role in reducing chances of HIV transmission, there seems to be some reluctance among the respondents to undergo the procedure. This reluctance seems to be based largely on unfounded fears about the consequences of being circumcised. Apart from recommending that government should quickly formulate and pass the male circumcision policy, the study also emphasizes the need to continue with the ABC campaign with renewed vigor and in more innovative ways, and to train more medical personnel and set up more circumcision centers. Further, the study underscores the urgent need to find ways of making the media, church, traditional healers, and traditional ceremonies more effective avenues for disseminating information about male circumcision. Areas for future research have also been recommended.