Value Chain Analysis of Indigenous Poultry Sub-Sector In Lusaka and Surrounding Districts – Zambia
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The indigenous poultry subsector plays an important role in the livelihood of Zambian smallholder farmer households. Most households keep flocks of indigenous chicken with little inputs, but serve as the main source of protein in rural human diets; supplemental income through sales of eggs and birds; and essential goods and services through barter. Indigenous chickens fetch a premium price, as the meat is highly preferred to that of broiler chickens, especially among the affluent due to its low fat content. Unlike cattle which are predominantly in the hands of men, poultry production has a gender aspect as women and children prefer poultry production as it easily fits in with their other duties around the homestead. This study complements other available studies by providing information on the subsector that stretches beyond the bounds of production. It provides information on linkages between the rural poultry industry and the mainstream market to enable the players harness and maximize the benefits from the value chain. The goal is to contribute to poverty reduction among rural households through improved access to profitable markets for indigenous poultry as well as improved access among urban households for cheap indigenous poultry products. The general objective is to examine and map the value chains from production through distribution and final consumption whilst highlighting the major constraints faced by the players final consumption whilst highlighting the major constraints faced by the players.