Exploring strategies used by school managers in managing upgraded secondary schools in Mazabuka district.
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The structure of the education system has been changing from the time Zambia attained its political independence to date, Lungwangwa (1987). The latest change is the upgrading of primary/basic schools into secondary schools, in which the Ministry of General Education has upgraded, established and gazette 447 Basic schools into secondary schools across the country (MoGE, 2017). This study sought to explore strategies used by school managers in managing these upgraded secondary schools in Mazabuka district of the Southern province of Zambia. The objectives of the study were as follows: to explore school managers` strategies in managing upgraded secondary schools, to examine the challenges school managers face in the management of the upgraded secondary schools, to establish stakeholders` roles in the running of the upgraded secondary schools. A Survey Study Design was employed using qualitative strategy in order to address the issues raised by the research objectives and questions. The four schools were randomly selected 4head teachers, 8 deputy head and 12 heads of departments were purposefully sampled. In-depth interviews were used to collect data from head teachers and deputies while focus group discussion was used to collect data from Heads of Departments. The Interview and focus group discussion data was analysed using thematic analysis. The major findings showed that managers used ad hoc methods aimed at keeping the schools and programmes running. The schools were generally supported by the community/stakeholders whose support ranged from provision of school fees, desks to capital projects like classroom blocks. However, challenges still remained impeding smooth running of the schools. The study’s main recommendation was that the stakeholders to work towards putting up capital infrastructure so that learners learn in conducive environments and teachers to live and work from motivating environment so that quality education is enhanced.
The University of Zambia