Utilisation of family planning services by female adolescents of Kawama east compound in Mufulira district, Copperbelt, Zambia.

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Kasimbo, Idah Namusokwe.
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The University of Zambia
Background: This study focuses on utilisation of family Planning services by female adolescents of Kawama East compound in Mufulira District, Zambia. Utilisation of family Planning by female adolescents is vital because it can save lives of babies and their mother. Objective: The main objective of the study was to determine factors influencing utilisation of family planning services by female adolescents of Kawama East compound in Mufulira, Zambia. Methodology: A quantitative cross sectional study design was used. 408 participants who were selected by systematic sampling were interviewed in privacy with permission from Neighborhood Health Committees. Data was collected using researcher administered questionnaire from female adolescents aged fourteen to nineteen years. Data analysis was done by use of Statistical Package for Social Science version twenty. Descriptive data was analysed using frequencies and percentage while inferential statistics were analysed using the Chi-square. Logistic Regression Analysis was done to establish the association of variables. Estimates with p-value less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Key findings: The study revealed low levels of utilisation (34 %). Contributory factors included educational background (p-value=0.033), state of service delivery (p-value<0.010), religious denomination (p-value<0.010) and cultural beliefs (p-value<0.010). Binary logistic regression results revealed that respondents with primary school level were less likely to utilise the service while Catholics and Protestants were more likely to utilise the service. Those with low state of service delivery and beliefs were also more likely to utilise the service. These were all statistically significant with utilisation of the service. Conclusion and recommendations: The study revealed that there is low utilisation of family Planning services among female adolescents of Kawama East compound of Mufulira District. It also revealed a significant association between socio-demographic factors and Family Planning. The findings will raise awareness and influence use of the services. Ministries of Health and Higher Education should work together to establish Youth Friendly Services at local schools and engage wider community through mass and peer campaign strategies. Key words: Utilisation, Family planning, Female, Adolescents”
Adolescent health services. , Family planning services.