An evaluation on the impact of reducing central government grants on solid waste management: A case study of Kabwe Municipal Council

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Pasi, Mando Mumbi
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This study was aimed at ensuring Kabwe Municipal Council had a clean environment. As part of contributing to solving the problem, this study analysed the possible measures to tackle the problem of solid waste management. The overall purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of the reduction of government grants to Kabwe Municipal Council (KMC) on its capacity to provide solid waste management services. The study was descriptive and both qualitative and quantitative research approaches were used. The sample size of the study was 150 respondents drawn from the Council, Local residents and the manufacturing companies within Kabwe. Both probability and non-probability sampling methods were used to select the respondents. Primary data was collected using both questionnaires and interview guides. Functional and effective Local Governments are pillars of a democratic Government and tasked with the responsibility of taking and bringing social services and development projects to people. As local authorities closer to the people, Local Governments are expected to provide a number of services to the citizenry such as clean and treated water reticulation, refuse collection, tarred and gravel roads as well as routine drainages maintenance, civic estates, street lighting and other engineering activities…(including transport, carnal building, fire services and planning) housing, markets, bus terminals, kiosks, site and services and social services and solid waste management; Nchito, S. (2006: p 53). The following key findings were established to be among the factors affecting effective solid waste management in the Municipality:Non establishment of dumping sites and non-provision of disposal bins; Air pollution and outbreaks of communicable diseases as a result of accumulation of solid waste and; Inadequate resources for KMC to effectively collect waste generated. In the light of the above findings of, the research recommended the following: Change in the current Local Government finance policy to suit the existing environment; Government to ensure that Councils enter into partnership with private organisations in waste management; Council to initiate formations of Community Based Organisations to manage solid waste and; Introduction of waste management tax
Refuse waste management-Zambia