Pupil’s atittudes towards ICTs integration in a social studies classroom: a case of Azele Guze village Zambia

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Lufungulo, Enala Sharon
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The use of information and communication technologies (ICT)s in education systems in Zambia has become more popular especially in urban areas. Additionally, it has been realised in recent years that there are immense benefits in applying ICTs in the social studies classroom. Among others, the benefits include enhancing pupils’ levels of understanding and attainment in social studies. Consequently, the Ministry of General Education (MoGE) and some non- governmental organisations (NGOs) such as iSchool and Impact Network, advocate for, and promote the use of ICTs in the classrooms. A case in point is that of Waseka Primary school in Katete rural district in a Village called Azele Guze. The aim of the study was to find out pupils ‘attitudes towards ICT instruments used in a social studies classroom. The study was guided by the theory of Diffusion of Innovation which is one of the most utilized theories in the studies related to ICTs integration in education. In this theory, Rogers (2003) asserts that the adopter’s attitude is a crucial factor for adoption of a new technological innovation. Thus, the attitude pupils portray towards the ICTs used in the classroom, might influence the success or failure of such an intervention. The study used a case study design, qualitative methods and instruments of data collection were also used for the purpose of collecting in-depth information. The findings revealed that children of Azele Guze Village attending school at Waseka primary hold positive views towards the use of ICTs in the learning of Social Studies. As a result, attendance and performance of the pupils had greatly improved. The study further showed that although there were ICTs available in the classrooms, they were not adequate to the extent that each pupil could have one and use at the same time in the classroom. Resulting from the findings, the study recommends that the MoGE should enact the ICT draft policy, which will give proper direction and guidance to schools and stakeholders on the Ministry’s official position regarding the use of ICTs in education. Further, it is recommended that the school managers should take a proactive role in collaborating with government and other nongovernment organisations to lobby for support in the supply of necessary ICTs instruments to be used during teaching and learning processes. Key Words: Pupils, attitude, information communication technology (ICT), social studies
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ICT--Study and teaching--Zambia , Social Studies--Study and teaching--Zambia