Science and technology policy in Zambia, 1964-1989 : its genesis, development and future prospects

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Mafuleka, Weston Nephias Mkondo
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The effects of science and technology pervade all aspects of contemporary societyo Economic and Political interactions among states are skewed in favour of those national societies which have made greater strides in science and technology.This study advances a proposition that Zambia can markedly reduce its dependence on developed nations if she can pursue a vigorous explicit science and technology policye.Such a policy should aim at building a firm scientific and technological infrastructure as a take-off base for achieving local scientific and technological capability.The study is divided into six chapters. Chapter one covers the theoretical framework which includes problem identification, rationale, objectives, literature review, hypotheses and methodology. Chapters two, three* four and five discuss collected data. Chapter six deals with conclusion and recommendations.The major finding of the study is that Zambia's science and technology policy between 1964 and 1989 has partly been implicit and partly explicit. Uihile the human resource scientific and technological infrastructure has been developed, its retention has not been appreciably successful.Efforts tobards constructing the physical scientific and technological infrastructure have brought out significant positive results, yet economic constraints have adversely affected the whole policy. Tentatively concluding, the study observes that central planning and co-ordination of Zambia*a science and technology policy became more pronouced after the establishment of the Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Technology in 1983, as well as the birth in 1988 of the Science and Technology Sub-Committee of the Central Committee of the United National Independence Party
Technology-Zambia , Development