The relationship between home environment and indiscipline among pupils in selected Primary Schools in Mongu District

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Lyamba, Bruno
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The cases of indiscipline in primary schools are reported in the media despite the fact that most of the researches in Zambia have concentrated on indiscipline taking place at secondary school level. Therefore, this study investigated indiscipline in the selected primary schools of Mongu District with the purpose of investigating the nature of indiscipline, its causes and whether or not it is influenced by home environment. The study employed descriptive survey research design. A sample of 80 pupils, 16 teachers, 20 parents and eight head teachers and their deputies was drawn from four schools in Mongu District.Data was collected using questionnaires and semi-structured interview guides. Questionnaires were administered to pupils, teachers and parents while interview guides were used to obtain data from head teachers and their deputies. Descriptive statistics involving frequencies and percentages were used to analyse quantitative data while data from interviews were analysed by grouping the emerging themes.Findings revealed that the characteristic features of indiscipline were fighting, disrespect for teachers, lateness for class, truancy, noise making, promiscuity, stealing, alcohol/drug abuse, dodging classes, insulting, vandalism, improper wearing of school uniform, bullying and unnecessarily using cell phones in classrooms.The results also revealed that noise making, fighting, lateness for class, truancy and dodging classes were the most experienced forms of indiscipline in schools. The causes of indiscipline were peer pressure, community influence, lack of positive role models, the re-entry policy, human rights awareness, drug abuse, the media, ineffective classroom management and home environmental factors. The study recommended that parents should be greatly sensitized on the need to be involved in educational affairs of their children so as to reduce levels of indiscipline in schools.  
Behaviourism(Psychology) , Social Discipline.