An assessment of factors leading to conflicts between the local people and developing agencies in Lumbo village of Kazungula district, Zambia.
Kamangala, Evelyn Mofya
The University of Zambia
The aim of this study was to assess the factors leading to conflicts between local people and developing agencies in Lumbo village of Kazungula district. This took a qualitative case study research design whose main objectives were to establish the existence of developing agencies in Lumbo village of Kazungula district, establish the relationship between development agencies and the host community, and find suitable recommendations to give to stakeholders to ensure displacements that would encompass all aspects of resettlement and rehabilitation for sustainable development. The population included habitants of Lumbo village, development agencies and the local authority with a sample of 25 participants which comprised of 20 habitants of Lumbo Village, the village Headman, 1 representative from the local authority and 3 representatives 1 from each development agency. Data was analyzed using a descriptive research method of analysis with the help of narratives for data presentation. The findings of the study were that there are three developing agencies in Kazungula district, namely; RDA, AFECC and DAEWOO. RDA deals with the road development while AFECC and DAEWOO deal with the construction of the bridge. The major factors that cause conflicts between local people and development agencies are lack of good relationship between development agencies and the host community, improper displacement procedures and poor communication. The findings also show that the process of displacement in Lumbo Village was not well followed. It was observed that displacement did not create sustainable development for people and there was no widely consultative process embraced from pre-displacement, through displacement and finally to the post displacement settlement. From the findings, a conclusion was drawn showing that displacement in Lumbo Village was according to the law but was not widely consultative. The study indicates that there is need for deliberate preparatory skills training and material support for the IDPs necessary for their adaption into the new socio-economic lifestyle. From the findings of the study some recommendations were made to the stakeholders, one major recommendation was that they should establish a national displacement policy and that the process should be highly consultative with the displaced people. The displaced people also should create community based task force that will champion their plight with the relevant authorities. The significance of this research is to provide data to the government to help them come up with suitable policy development on displaced people.
Resettlement and rehabilitation. , Social conflict.