Effectiveness of the national road tolling programme in promoting road infrastructure development in Zambia: a case study of toll gates in Lusaka province.

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Mutungwa, Nachi M.
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The University of Zambia
Over the years the Government of the Republic of Zambia has strived to broaden options for generating income to the road sector due to the pivotal role that roads play in economic development. Traditionally, the major sources of funds for road infrastructure development have been direct government funding, national road fund and donor community funds. However, these funds have been insufficient thereby hindering the adequate construction and maintenance of roads in the country. To mitigate this challenge, the government in 2013 introduced the NRTP based on the provisions of the Tolls Act No. 14 of 2011 to broaden the financing options for road infrastructure development in the country. The general objective of this research is to evaluate the effectiveness of the NRTP in promoting road infrastructure development in Lusaka Province. The specific objectives of his research are to assess the extent to which the NRTP has improved the collection of toll fees, examine the extent to which the NRTP allocates road toll fees towards road infrastructure development and assess the extent to which the NRTP maintains roads in Lusaka Province. This research was evaluative and the research design used was a case study. It made use of questionnaires and interview guides to collect quantitative and qualitative data, which were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and thematic analysis, respectively. The sample size was 109 comprising 100 motorists and nine key informants who were conveniently and purposively sampled, respectively. The findings show that the NRTP has been very effective in collecting road toll fees from motorists in Lusaka Province. This is because an average amount of 14.8 million is collected from the Shimabala and Chongwe Toll Gates monthly against a total collection target of 14 million. This indicates that 106% of the targeted amount is collected. Further, an amount of 177.6 is collected from the two toll gates annually, against the required amount of 168 million. This amount is only 45% of the targeted amount of K396 million needed for road infrastructure development indicating that the programme is not effective in allocating road toll fess to road infrastructure development. Additionally, the programme has not improved the condition of the Great East and Kafue roads in the province as both roads are still in poor condition. This research recommends that the government should increase the annual budgetary allocations to road infrastructure development on order to supplement the efforts of the NRTP.