An assessment of the existence of an informal settlement in a rural setting: the case of Saideni settlement in Nampundwe, Shibuyunji district, central Zambia.

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Mununkila, Charles Kaboyi
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The University of Zambia
Informal settlements are unauthorised human settlements associated with rapid urbanisation. As such, they are located in urban areas or peri-urban areas. Saideni is an informal settlement that has evolved and existed on state land in a rural setting of Nampundwe in Shibuyunji District. Informal settlements in a rural setting are classified as villages, exhibiting characteristics of a village and sustained by local traditional and cultural institutions. Saideni does not have traditional or cultural institutions of a village. There is no study that we could find that explains this phenomenon. The aim of the study, therefore, was to investigate the existence of Saideni as an informal settlement in a rural setting. The objectives of the study were to identify factors that led to the establishment of Saideni informal settlement; to ascertain factors that sustain its continued existence and growth; and, thirdly, to establish the relationship between the settlement and its environ. The study used a mixed method approach which involved both qualitative and quantitative research approaches. Qualitative research approach was used based on a case study of Saideni of Shibuyunji District. Purposive sampling was used to select 17 key informants. Data was collected using interviews and questionnaires. The sample size of 75 households from Saideni informal settlement was selected using the Nassiuma D. K. (2000) standard formula, (12.5 percent of 600, the total number of households). The 17 key informants were selected, thus, making a total of 92 respondents. Systematic random sampling was used to select the respondents at an interval of every eighth household. Qualitative data from key informants was analyzed thematically while quantitative data was analysed using descriptive statistics. The study found that, Saideni informal settlement was established by immigrants in pursuit of employment in the Nampundwe Mine and business opportunities within Nampundwe Area. Availability of land to build (4%), affordable house rent (42%), and availability of houses (38%), employment (37%) and marriage prospects (8%) attracted people to settle in Saideni. Other factors include business and farming. Socio-economic connectivity of residents and it’s environ was based on; business, employment and other factors. The socio-economic characteristics of Saideni are not different from urban setting informal settlements. It concludes that, residents of Saideni do not entirely depend on the Nampundwe Mine for their livelihood but it is a collection of different economic activities that sustain them. No special socio-economic characteristics emerged that could be deemed as the reason for sustaining Saideni informal settlement in its rural setting. Study recommends, strengthening of regional capital (Kabwe) and other small urban centers should be promoted in order to curtail the rural – rural, rural – urban migration policy that encourage low cost housing in the District. Formulate a comprehensive and consistent legal basis to prevent the emergence of new informal settlements by enacting proper policy regarding the conversion of traditional land to leasehold tenure and conversion of agricultural land to urban use. Key Words: Rural Setting, informal settlement, Migration, Saideni, Nampundwe.
Master of science in spatial planning
Human settlements--Shibuyunji district. , Settlement (Saideni) --Nampundwe.