A comparative analysis of Chimamanda Ngozi Aadichie's purple hibiscus(2003) and Ellen Banda-Aaku's patchwork(2011)

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Kang'ombe, Mutale Mathew
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The University of Zambia
The study was a comparative analysis of Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus (2003) and Ellen Banda-Aaku’s Patchwork (2011). The aim of the study was to identify the similarities and differences in the two works. In order to achieve the overall aim of the study in line with the objectives, this study used an eclectic approach in which theories of feminism, narratology and intertextuality were used accordingly. This study was prompted by the realization that both Chimamanda Ngozie Adichie’ Purple Hibiscus and Banda Aaku’s Patchwork represent the new phase of African female writing. Preliminary readings indicated that the two feminist writers bear similarities in their aim of creating a free and just society for all. It was also realized that these writers want to see women that are not only liberated from the pangs of patriarchy but are also economically empowered. They share a similarity in their attempt to give voice to the women. They both believe that women like men have a voice which had earlier been denied to them by earlier African male writers who not only projected women as inferior to man but also gave women the status of a ‘mule.’ The writers are also concerned about textual misconception of women in which everything is done from the male point of view including narration itself. They create females who tell their stories of male subjugation and the eventual liberation entirely from their perspective. The two writers continue to embrace the need for transformation of society through their works. The change advocated for by these two authors is spearheaded through their stylistic, aesthetic, conceptual as well as their thematic orientations. However, a closer analysis of the two texts revealed that there were significant differences between the two texts. The two works differ in respect to narrative tense, characterization, narrative structure and plot, focalization and thematically. There characters are increasingly becoming more independent, aggressive and self styled when compared. There is continuity with regards to negotiating for more space and inclusion of the female as indicated between the two works. iv Consequently, this study is a validation of the changes that we continue to witness that are being championed by such novelists in their works.
Narratology--Female writers--Zambia , Feminism--Zambia