Public participation in solid waste management: a case of Lusaka Central Business District

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Longwe, Tina M.
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University of Zambia
Solid waste management (SWM) has been a challenge for most cities of developing countries (Guerrero et al, 2012). It is also an issue of vital importance in Lusaka city where improper solid waste management possess as a challenge for city authorities (Edema et al, 2012). This study aimed at exploring the nature of public participation in solid waste management in Lusaka‟s Central Business District (CBD). The study employed an embedded mixed method where a case study research design using qualitative approaches included some quantitative information collected through a survey. The sample consisted of 145 business operators sampled using quota sampling and 5 key informants sampled using purposive sampling. Primary data was collected through in-depth interviews, questionnaires and observations. Data analysis involved qualitative data being transcribed, summarised and organised into themes based on research objectives, and quantitative data analysed using the computer software Statistical Package for Social Sciences. The study used the Integrated Sustainable Waste Management Framework which suggests a link among the key elements in solid waste management as a guide. The study revealed high participation in SWM among members of the public in Lusaka‟s CBD, through: use of bins to dump waste, willingness to pay for waste management services, and willingness to participate in anti-litter campaigns. The study identified inadequate funding, lack of awareness and lack of realistic penalties for offenders, as some of the challenges associated with implementing SWM and opportunities such as public-private partnerships (PPP‟s) available to all stakeholders who are licensed by the Zambia Environmental Management Agency. The study concluded that while there are attempts by the public to participate in SWM, all stakeholders face a number of challenges in its implementation. However, there are some opportunities through PPP‟s for all stakeholders that need to be explored. Therefore, the study recommended increased funding for service providers, increased public awareness, increase PPP‟s and stiff punishment for offenders.
Solid waste management---Lusaka