The provision of education in selected upgraded secondary schools of Muchinga Province in Zambia: examining infrastructure and the learning environment

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Chitamaluka, Chisanga Mark
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University of Zambia
The study sought to ascertain whether the state of infrastructure and the learning environment in the upgraded secondary schools is supporting the provision of education. The objectives of the study, were to: determine the state of school infrastructure in up-graded secondary schools; determine the state of the learning environment in upgraded secondary schools and identify the strategies schools have employed in providing education in upgraded secondary schools. The study used the case study design which employed the qualitative strategy in order to effectively address the issues raised by the research questions. The method of data collection included in-depth structured interview guide, structured focus group discussion guide and observation checklist. The target population included three District Education Board Secretaries, four Head Teachers from four secondary schools, two teachers from the each secondary school, six pupils from each secondary school and six parents from each school. Both simple random sampling and purposive sampling techniques were used to select 78 respondents. Data were analysed qualitatively. This involved description, explanation and interpretation of the raw data. The findings of the study revealed that infrastructural facilities were in a bad state and were too inadequate to accommodate the increasing number of learners. Classroom blocks in all the schools were those previously meant for primary schools and hence very inadequate Classrooms were inadequate and not spacious. The findings further indicate shortage of teachers’ houses, classrooms without windows and the doors had no shutters while the classes were congested and ranged from 60-70 students per class. Schools lacked laboratories, teaching and learning material. Three schools had no electricity making it difficult to use electrical appliances. However, the findings also indicate that schools were not just siting idol. Schools were doing something about this scenario. The Parents’ Teacher Association in collaboration with school administration had started to build classroom blocks and also lobbying from Constituency Development fund to help in building new classroom blocks. The study concluded that education was being provided in very difficult circumstances. The old infrastructure being used was also bad and inadequate. If the government did not intervene now education provision will not be up to date and learning will not be taking place. The state will have graduates without the skills, knowledge and a changed behaviour to fit in any society beyond Zambia. Based on these findings the study recommends that the government should first allocate some initial funding for infrastructure before upgrading a basic school into a secondary school.
Master of Education in Educational Administration and Management
Educational Management , School management and Organization-Muchinga, Zambia