Guidance and counselling activities for preventing the challenges faced by adolescents in selected secondary schools in Choma District of Southern Province

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Sinengela, Meyamui
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University of Zambia
The purpose of the study was to assess the school guidance and counseling activities for preventing the challenges faced by adolescents. A descriptive survey design was used to conduct this study. The sample size was 209 pupils and 4 guidance and counseling teachers from selected secondary schools in Choma district. Simple random and purposive sampling were used to select the sample. Questionnaires were used to collect quantitative data from the pupils while Semi-structured interviews were used to collect qualitative data from the guidance and counseling teachers. Quantitative data was analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) in order to generate tables, graphs and percentages. Qualitative data was analysed using thematic analysis. Major themes were identified from the data and coded. The findings of the study revealed that there were various guidance and counseling activities that were used in schools to educate the adolescents about the challenges of their developmental stage and how to prevent them or cope with them. These methods include classroom lessons, group discussions, role plays, peer education, the anti-AIDS club, antidrug club, talks with the guidance and counseling teacher as well as games and sports. The adolescents were mostly taught factual information about reproductive health, and drug and alcohol abuse. Life skills education is rarely provided. The findings show that most of the schools do not educate the adolescents on the effects of watching pornographic material. The study concluded that guidance and counseling activities have a moderate influence on behaviour change. On the basis of the findings, it was recommended that Guidance and counseling teachers should use preventive education which combines information dissemination, normative education and life skills education if any reasonable behaviour change is to be observed. In addition, there is need for guidance and counseling teachers to gather information about the effects of internet pornography on adolescent development so that they can be able to educate the adolescents.
Master of Education in Educational Psychology
Counselling Services--Secondary Schools , Guidance Services--Secondary Schools