Establishing the effect of the primary literacy programme on literacy levels of grade four (4) learners in Chirundu district.

Thumbnail Image
Njekwa, Njekwa
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
The University of Zambia
The main purpose of the study was to establish the effect of the Primary Literacy Programme on literacy levels of Grade 4 learners in selected primary schools in Chirundu District. The study used qualitative data collection and analysis procedures to establish the effect of PLP in Chitonga among the grade 4 learners under this programme four years after it had been introduced. The researcher employed interviews and Focus group discussion to collect data from 65 respondents comprising of 30 learners, 20 teachers, 5 Head teachers, 5 parents, 3 standards officers and 2 In-service Coordinators. Data was also collected using observation methods and document analysis. The instruments used were observation checklist, interview guide and focus group discussions guide. This allowed the researcher to collect views on the effect of the primary literacy programme on literacy levels based on the current low literacy levels among grade 4 learners. Data obtained from learner performance in week 5 and 10 assessment was computed. Since this was a cohort of 2014, the researcher tracked the performance of current grade 4 learners from the time of enrolment into grade 1 in 2014. Data was based on the performance of learners for the past four years using the assessment format as guided in National Literacy Framework of 2013. The current review establishes clearly that the factors that seemed to have the greatest impact on the effect on the PLP are: family; pupils; teachers; administrators (internal and external monitors) and school related. Some of the factors cited include: lack of PLP materials; over enrolment; knowledge gap between standards officers and teachers and lack of teacher mentorship by their immediate supervisors; teacher and pupils transfers from one region to another of different languages background and lack of parental motivation. A number of recommendations have come out of the study and the following are some of them: The Ministry of General Education should secure grade 3 and 4 teaching and learning materials (TLM) in schools for teachers to use during lesson planning. Teachers too, should embrace the idea of making and using teaching and learning materials made from using locally available resources (TALULAR) and the use of story decoding where they do not have conventional materials. The Head teachers should carefully select competent teachers to handle lower grades. Schools should intensify School Based Continuing Professional Development (SBCPD) by revitalizing Grade Meeting at the Resource Centre (GRACE).
Primary literacy programme.